Brutal agresión sufrió Director de Radio FM Vida de Putaendo – EL ACONCAGUA
rights records. Women have assembled RCA radios in Marcos's Philip- . Central Valley province of Aconcagua. I argue that (To date, there is no published statistical rec. This content . Saavedra, San Felipe, April 15, ; and Jorge Tejedo, San Felipe, October 2. This content . Layaway plans for electronic applianc. Just turn on your Internet and Start enjoying flawless music on Chile Radio For best results use 3G Aconcagua - FM - San Felipe- Variety Alta Frecuencia . Fertile between the Aconcagua and Bío-Bío rivers, this valley is the center of Chile's first stock exchange dates from and was established in the Port of .. The University of Chile (founded as Universidad Real de San Felipe in ) and Radio Nacional de Chile is a publicly owned station, but numerous private .
He launched a successful three-year war with Peru —39which destroyed a threatening Bolivian-Peruvian confederation. He also initiated a Conservative rule, which was to last until During that period, Chile's territory expanded with new claims to Patagonia and the island of Tierra del Fuegoand inthe founding of Punta Arenas on the Strait of Magellan.
Between andthe Conservatives were forced to share power with the Liberals, who had won several legislative victories. A wave of liberal reforms curtailed the power of the Roman Catholic Church and the presidential office.
At the same time, both parties suffered a series of splits and realignments. But most notable during this period was Chile's greatest military achievement. In the War of the Pacific —83Chile again fought Peru and Bolivia, this time over possession of the Atacama Desert and its nitrate deposits.
After victories on land and sea, Chilean forces entered Lima in The disposition of the other contested areas, Tacna and Arica, was not finally settled untilwhen, with US mediation, Tacna went to Peru and Arica to Chile. InJorge Montt, a naval officer, led a revolt that resulted in eight months of civil war. The triumph of Montt marked the beginning of a year period of stable parliamentary rule.
Bolstered by nitrate revenues, Chile's national treasury grew, especially during World War I. At the same time the seeds of revolt were sown. Miners, farm workers and factory workers, sharing none of this prosperity, began to agitate for change.RADIO ACONCAGUA CUMPLIÓ 60 AÑOS
After the war ended, there was a recession and the country was on the verge of civil war. Ina coalition of middle and working class groups elected Arturo Alessandri Palma as president. Alessandri, the son of an Italian immigrant, found himself in between the left's demands for change and the right's intransigence. He was deposed in a coup in but recalled in a countercoup in the following year. His second administration lasted only six months, but he left the legacy of a new constitution passed on 18 October The new system created a strong, directly elected executive to replace the previous parliamentary system.
The military strongman Gen. US banks loaned large sums to Chilean industry, and efforts were made to salvage the foundering nitrate trade and boost the copper sector. World depression struck, however, bringing an end to foreign loans and a catastrophic drop in world copper prices. After two years marked by short-lived juntas and presidencies and a day "socialist republic," Alessandri was again elected.
Chile pulled out of the depression bybut popular demand for social legislation remained unsatisfied. The election was narrowly won by Radical Party member Pedro Aguirre Cerda, running under the banner of a catchall coalition called the " Popular Front. His coalition dissolved formally in Januaryand Aguirre died in November. After World War IIChile went into an inflationary cycle and riots and strikes broke out throughout the country. He then broke off relations with the Soviet Unionand outlawed the Communist party.
Strikes and violence grew, and Chile, an example of stability by Latin American standards for so long, seethed with tensions. As the cost of living soared, the radicalism of the workers intensified. Bythe cost of living had soared and Chile's trade balance had moved from a large surplus to a deficit.
Evidence of a general discontent could be seen in the presidential election. Aware of popular pressure for reform, Alessandri drew up a year development plan, initiated in with construction projects, tax reforms, and a token start at agrarian reform.
A devastating earthquake and tidal wave in cut drastically into Alessandri's programs, and his government was unable to regain momentum. Inthe traditional parties of the right and center lost strength to a wave of reform sentiment that shifted public attention to a choice between the socialist Allende and the moderate reformer Frei. In SeptemberFrei was elected by an absolute majority, and congressional elections in March gave the PDC a majority in the Chamber of Deputies and a plurality in the Senate.
The Frei government implemented numerous social and structural reforms. These included educational reform, land reform, and a scheme to create a majority Chilean interest in Chile's copper mines. Frei became a cornerstone of the Alliance for Progressa harsh critic of communism, and a leading exponent of Christian democracy.
However, the reforms did not deliver as hoped and overall economic growth was sporadic. The Frei administration was not able to control the endemic inflation that had plagued Chile for more than 80 years. In the presidential election there were three contenders: Allende, who was supported by Popular Unity, a leftist coalition that included the Communist Partyreceived Alessandri followed with Since no candidate received a majority of the popular vote, congress was required by the constitution to select the president from the two leading candidates.
The PDC supported Allende in exchange for a promise of full constitutional guarantees. The victory was unique in that for the first time in the Western Hemisphere, a Marxist candidate took office by means of a free election. Allende, inaugurated on 3 Novembercalled for a socialist economy, a new leftist constitution, and full diplomatic and trade relations with CubaChinaand other Communist countries.
It was later revealed through US congressional investigations and independent journalistic inquiries that the United Stateswith the help of the International Telephone and Telegraph Corp. ITThad secretly worked to thwart the election and confirmation of Allende. The first full year of rule by Allende witnessed a rise in economic prosperity and employment, as well as an improvement in the standard of living of the poorer elements of the population.
Allende expropriated US copper interests and turned large rural landholdings into peasant communes. Byhowever, the economy began to lag, and the situation was aggravated by middle- and upper-class resentment over the government's seizures of industrial and agricultural property. In Juneagainst a backdrop of strikes and street brawls beginning in the previous year, an abortive coup attempt was staged by a rightist army contingent.
Throughout this period, the US Central Intelligence Agency had secretly supported the and strikes and disturbances, especially the truckers' strike, which had caused nationwide shortages of food and consumer goods. On 11 Septemberthe Allende government was violently overthrown. Allende himself died—officially reported as a suicide. A four-man junta headed by Gen. Augusto Pinochet Ugarte seized power, dissolved congress, banned all political activities, and declared that Marxism would be eradicated in Chile.
At least 3,—and possibly as many as 10,—people were killed or "disappeared" without a trace during and immediately after the coup. The military declared a state of siege and assumed dictatorial powers. During its 16 years in power, the military attempted to eradicate not only Marxism, but all vestiges of leftism, trade unionism, reformism, and, for that matter, any other deviation from the official military line. High on their list of priorities was the privatization of the Chilean economy, which had gradually become more dependent on the state over three decades, a movement that had accelerated dramatically under Allende.
This included the attracting of foreign investment, virtually untouched by government regulations or requirements. With unions under siege, workers' rights rapidly eroded under the regime.
This powerful dose of economic liberalization was administered within a continuously authoritarian political system. After the original state of siege was lifted inChile continued under a "state of emergency" until another state of siege was declared from November to June A third state of siege was in effect from September to Januaryafter a failed assassination attempt against Pinochet.
At each denial of democracy, the Pinochet government insisted that it was not yet done with the task of "redeeming" Chile, and that full political rights could not be restored until then. Although forced to operate clandestinely, an opposition nevertheless emerged. A collection of political factions found common cause with the Roman Catholic Churchforming a group called the Civic Union. The Church had become increasingly critical of the Pinochet regime, despite the latter's insistence that Catholicism was the cornerstone of the new Chile.
Finally, inPinochet was pressured to call for a plebiscite to determine whether he should become president for another eight years. In February16 political parties came together to form the "Coalition for the 'No'.
The election was hailed as a victory for democracy, but Chile remained under the watchful eye of the military. Pinochet, who remained head of the armed forces, retained enormous power.
The general resisted Aylwin's efforts to place the military firmly under civilian control, and threatened a return to military rule if any of his officers were prosecuted for human rights violations. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission, established during the Aylwin administration, recorded 1, disappearances and 2, executions and death from torture during the dictatorship years.
Those figures did not include thousands of others who were detained, tortured, and exiled. Little could be done to prosecute military abuses.
Aylwin's administration was hampered by the constitution approved during the military regime. Pinochet had engineered the constitution to his favor, allowing the regime to appoint eight senators for life in the new government. With eight pro-military senators, the Senate's democratic coalition was unable to reach a majority and make constitutional changes.
Military leaders also pushed through an amnesty law, which covered human rights abuses between and The Supreme Court remained under the control of judges sympathetic to the former military regime. The Frei regime also emphasized privatization of state-owned enterprises, protection of foreign investment, and trade liberalization. Chile remained the world's leading producer and exporter of copper, but with a greatly diversified export base.
By the nation had achieved 15 consecutive years of economic growth. After a short recession ingrowth resumed in but at lower rates. While the country's commitment to democratic, representative government appeared secure and stable, Pinochet remained an impediment to real democratic reforms.
InPinochet retired as head of the military and became a senator for life. Despite eight years of democratic government, relations between the government and the military, which continued to assert its independence, remained tense. In OctoberPinochet traveled to London for back surgery. At the request of Spanish authorities, British police arrested Pinochet, who was recovering at a private hospital.
The arrest became a major international incident and shocked Chileans, most of whom thought Pinochet was untouchable. Following a lengthy legal battle that stretched across two continents and three nations, a London court in October ruled Pinochet could be extradited to Spain to stand trial.
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Back in Chile, the armed forces remained loyal to Pinochet and his arrest raised tensions between the military and the government. Yet, in his absence, Chilean politics were changing dramatically. While he languished in detention in Englandthe cause in favor of prosecuting human rights violators and finding out the whereabouts of individuals killed during the dictatorship moved forward in Chile. Several judges felt strengthened by the events in London and dared to indict active and retired military officers for human rights violations, contravening a amnesty passed by the military dictatorship in Some military leaders acknowledged that victims' families had a right to know what happened to the "disappeared.
British authorities cited humanitarian reasons, saying Pinochet was medically unfit to stand trial. Pinochet returned to Chile, where he faced more than 70 criminal charges and efforts to remove him as senator for life. Chilean courts eventually ruled that he was unfit to stand trial in Chile for health reasons. He was forced to resign from the Senate and retired from public life.
He currently lives in Santiago but does not appear in public or make public statements. Strains were beginning to show in the center-left coalition, which had ruled the country since But both men finished tied in the December election, forcing a runoff election a month later. In the second round, Lagos captured With the victory, Lagos became the first Socialist to hold office since Allende. Lagos is a reformed Socialist who distanced himself from Allende's Marxist ideas.
More of a social democrat similar in political style to England's Tony BlairLagos promised moderate policies and no changes to the nation's free-market economy. But Lagos had ambitious programs of new infrastructure, health reform, judicial reform and educational reform.
Yet, in the government was hurt when accusations of corruption surfaced that resulted in the indictments of several government coalition legislators and former cabinet ministers. The signing of a free trade agreement with the European Union and a much-awaited free trade pact with the United States helped boost Lagos's popularity in During his presidency, Chile was the most open economy in the region.
Bush's intention to attack Iraq in early positioned him as strong regional leader committed to strengthening the UN and the international rule of law. Lagos finished his six-term with the highest approval ratings of any president since democracy was restored. A constitutional reform approved in stripped all pending authoritarian enclaves from the Pinochet-imposed Constitution.
It also reduced the presidential term to four years with no immediate reelection. In addition to electing its first woman president, Chileans ratified the same ruling coalition for the fourth consecutive presidential election and fifth consecutive parliamentary election. Yet, he successfully positioned himself as the new leader of the conservative camp. The fact that former dictator Pinochet was involved in a secret bank accounts corruption scandal uncovered in the United States hurt the conservative parties, still associated with the Pinochet legacy in the elections.
Bachelet inherited a stable economy, but her challenges included renewing her coalition and projecting a platform for future growth. Because she is the daughter of a victim of the military dictatorship and suffered herself arrest and exile during the Pinochet era, Bachelet—who served as Lagos's defense minister—has also symbolized reconciliation for many Chileans.
She started her four-year term with unprecedented opportunities to help Chile move forward as the most developed country in Latin America byChile's bicentennial. The Constitution of is still in effect, even though it was created with a different Chile in mind. Ina series of amendments went into effect, reducing the influence and power of the military and consolidating the power of elected authorities.
The constitution, as amended, is the third Chilean constitution. The first two were the original constitution, and the chart. The constitution was custom-made for the Pinochet military dictatorship, but it did not come fully into effect until after Pinochet left office in March of Innew reforms stripped most of the remaining authoritarian provisions from the constitution. The constitution provides for a strong executive serving a four year term although Lagos and Frei served for six years, before the constitutional reform.
Telecommunications in Chile
The president has the authority to proclaim a state of emergency for up to 20 days and the power to introduce legislation and control the legislative agenda. There is a bicameral National Congress, consisting of a member Chamber of Deputies and a member Senate. Untilthe Senate included nine appointed members, as well as all ex-presidents, who had life membership.
But starting inall senators were democratically elected. The constitution also provides for an independent judiciary, headed by a member Supreme Court. The constitutional reforms eliminated the active participation of the armed forces in government, although there remained some limitations on the right to strike and on freedom of information and expression.
The Constitution institutionalizes a freemarket economy. Although the Constitution was adopted under the Pinochet military dictatorship, several reforms starting in and, ending in a comprehensive package inmade it more compatible with democratic standards.
Segments of the two parties split, shifted, entered into new alliances, regrouped, and took on new names. Since electoral law permitted the registration of parties with relatively small popular bases, coalitions were usually formed to elect presidents and control the congress.
Many cabinets had a fleeting existence. Afterthe Radicals emerged from the Liberal party, and over the next six decades, they increased their following with the rise of the middle class.
In the meantime, the Liberals became conservative, and moved close to that party. Although the Conservatives and Liberals disagreed over the status of the Roman Catholic Church and over the matter of relative congressional and presidential powers, they were united in opposing the Radicals.
Designation of Chilean parties as being of the right, center, or left has been a function of shifting national political climates. Parties and party alliances have tended to appear and disappear over time. During the s and s, there were fewer, but much larger parties.
Before the military coup there were five major parties in Chile: The ruling Allende coalition of Popular Unity consisted of Socialists, Communists, and several smaller leftist parties. The most radical political group, the Revolutionary Movement of the Left, was not a coalition member.
In Septemberall the Allende coalition parties were abolished. The other parties were initially suspended and then banned in March The reemergence of political parties in the aftermath of Pinochet's ouster was dramatic.
Today, the coalition includes four major parties: The opposition from the right comes from the Independent Democratic Union UDIand the National Renewal RNwhich, bolstered by the influence of most Senate appointees held sway in the Senate since the restoration of democracy in until The traditional 25 provinces, as well as all municipalities, were placed under military control.
Today, the country is divided into 13 regions, including the metropolitan area of Santiago, which is not numbered like the other 12 regions, beginning with Region I at the northern border with Peru and continuing in sequence to Region XII at the southern end. The regions each have a capital and are subdivided into provinces. Regions and provinces are administered by regional intendants and provincial governors. The nation's municipalities, headed by mayors, form the smallest units of local government.
Mayors and local councilors are elected every four years in concurrent elections. Ina constitutional amendment was passed granting some autonomy to local areas, but compared to other countries in the region; local governments in Chile remained weak.
Legislation was introduced to create two new regions and to allow for the direct election of regional legislatures. Although not eliminated by the military in the wake of the coup, the judicial system had almost all of its major powers removed, with the military code of justice in force as the effective law of the land. Inthe junta began to restore some of the traditional powers exercised by the member Supreme Court. The constitution, which came into full effect inprovides for an independent judiciary.
A hot pad can become mor diifficult if made much llike butcher block with dark- and light-colored woods in the checkerboard pattern all inllaid in a picture-frame-border. Although more difficult than an easy hot pad, this project can continue to be classifed as moderately easy.
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You will first make out a registration form to get in a guinea pig exhibit. Fiill out this form and ask for a refund with needed payment together with given payment date. Some suows may evdn allow iin order to fill out a registration formm on the sawme day of the show.
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Onne of tthe very most grreatly used tools will be tthe pkwer saws. Now, power saws come in variou varieties annd forms. It can bee employed for ripping boards in half, and also cutting boards to precxise lengths and widths. It is sometimes used on plywood foor exterior walls and for your framing boards on the exterior framing. Also, a miter saw and ryobi bt table saw are used for the trim work. When itt iss interior or exterior, saqs are the carpenters buddy. Also, in rare instances, a jig saw is used for doing trim tasks.